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Article XIII Sec. 3 of the Philippine Constitution on Labor-Management Relations, at a Glance:

a) Full protection to labor, local and overseas, organized and unorganized;

b) Full employment and equality of employment opportunities for all;

c) Right of all workers to:

  • self-organization, collective bargaining and negotiations;
  • engage in peaceful concerted activities, including the right to strike in accordance with law;
  • security of tenure, humane conditions of work and a living wage; and
  • participate in policy and decision making processes affecting their rights and benefits as may to provided by law;

d) Promotion of the principle of shared responsibility between workers and employers;

e) Preferential use of voluntary modes in setting disputes, including conciliation.

f) Recognition of the right of labor to its just share in fruits of production; and

g) Right of enterprises to reasonable return of investment and to expansion and growth.


Article 211 of the Labor Code, as amended by R.A. 6715, on the State Policy on Labor Relations:

a) To promote and emphasize the primacy of free collective bargaining and negotiations, including voluntary arbitration, mediation and conciliation, as modes of settling labor or industrial disputes;

b) To promote free trade unionism as an instrument for the enhancement of democracy and the promotion of social justice and development;

c) To foster the free and voluntary organization of a strong and united labor movement;

d) To promote the enlightenment of workers concerning their rights and obligations as union members and as employees;

e) To provide an adequate administrative machinery for the expeditious settlement of labor or industrial disputes;

f) To ensure a stable but dynamic and just industrial peace; and

g) To ensure the participation of workers in decision and policy-making processes affecting their rights, duties and welfare.