The program involves the promotion of tripartite industrial peace council’s formation, as well as the industry tripartite councils, in the national, regional, city/municipal and provincial levels. It also includes the institutionalization of social dialogues and tripartite consultations on policies and programs affecting labor and management.
The National Tripartite Industrial Peace Council (TIPC) serves as the main consultative and advisory mechanism lodged with the Department of Labor and Employment – Bureau of Labor Relations. It functions primarily as a forum for tripartite advisement and consultation among organized labor, employer and government in the formulation and implementation of labor and employment polices. The National TIPC is responsible for processing major issuances affecting labor, employment and other related concerns, as well as a clearinghouse for the recommendation and ratification or denunciation of International Labour Organization (ILO) Conventions.
On the adoption of Tripartism
The Philippine Government adopted tripartism as a state policy, particularly by virtue of Section 3, Article XIII (Social Justice and Human Rights) of the Philippine Constitution, Article 275 (Tripartism and Tripartite Conferences) of the Philippine Labor Code, as amended, ratification of ILO Convention No. 144 (Tripartite Consultations to Promote the Implementation of International Labor Standards), and passage of Republic Act No, 10395 or “An Act Strengthening Tripartism, Amending for the purpose Article 275 of Presidential Decree No. 442, As Amended, Otherwise Known as the “Labor Code of the Philippines” on March 14, 2013.
On the creation of the TIPCs and ITCs
President Corazon C. Aquino formally created the Tripartite Industrial Peace Council (TIPC) in 1990 through Executive Order No. 403 as the main consultative mechanism and advisory body of the social partners – workers, employers and government – on labor and employment lodged with the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). The TIPC and ITCs evolved over the years and were institutionalized through the following executive and department order issuances:
- Executive Order No. 25 (s. 1992), Amending Executive Order No. 403 and further strengthening the Tripartite Industrial Peace Council
- DOLE Department Order No. 8 (s. 1995), Guidelines in the Constitution and Institutionalization of National Councils, Regional TIPCs, and Regional or Local ITCs under the National TIPC
- Department Order No. 14 (s. 1996), Creation of Executive Committee for the Conference)
- Executive Order No. 383 (s. 1996), Reorganizing and Strengthening the Tripartite Industrial Peace Council
- Executive Order No. 49 (s. 1998), Amending Executive Order No. 383 for the purpose of Reconstituting and Expanding the Membership of the Tripartite Industrial Peace Council
- Executive Order No. 97 (s. 1999), amending Executive Order No. 49, Further Expanding Functions of the Tripartite Industrial Peace Council
With these, the Philippines has been noted by the ILO to have a robust tripartism and social dialogue mechanism and process, which was further strengthened by the passage of Republic Act No, 10395 or “An Act Strengthening Tripartism, Amending for the purpose Article 275 of Presidential Decree No. 442, As Amended, Otherwise Known as the “Labor Code of the Philippines”.
Existing National ITCs
- Automotive Assembly Industry Tripartite Council (AAITC)
- Banking Industry Tripartite Council (BITC)
- Construction Industry Tripartite Council (CITC)
- Clothing and Textile Industry Tripartite Council (CTITC)
- Hotel and Restaurant Tripartite Consultative Body (HRTCB)
- Sugar Tripartite Council (STC)
- Maritime Industry Tripartite Council (MITC)
- Landbased Tripartite Consultative Council (LTCC)
- To monitor the full implementation and compliance by concerned sectors with provisions of all tripartite instruments, including international conventions, codes of conduct, and social accords;
- To participate in national, regional or industry-specific tripartite conferences which the President or the Secretary of Labor and Employment may call from time to time;
- To review existing labor, economic and social policies and to evaluate local and international developments affecting them;
- To formulate for submission to the President or Congress, tripartite views, recommendations and proposals on labor, economic and social concerns including the presentation of tripartite positions on relevant bills pending in Congress;
- To advise the Secretary of Labor and Employment in the formulation or implementation of policies and legislation affecting labor and employment;
- To serve as a communication channel and a mechanism for undertaking join programs among government, workers, employers and their organizations toward enhancing labor-management relations; and
- To adopt its own program of activities and rules, consistent with development objectives.
TIPC Monitoring Body
“Constituting the National Tripartite Industrial Peace Council as the High Level Tripartite Monitoring Body on the Application of International Labor Standards. in Particular ILO Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize (No.87)”
The Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) during the 98th Session of the International Labor Conference in June 2009 accepted the request for International Labor Organization High Level Mission, in order for the ILO to obtain a greater understanding of the application of ILO Convention No. 87, in law and in practice, and to gather detailed information on issues and con cerns raised by the ILO supervisory bodies.
The GRP has Committed to create a tripartite body which will work closely with other stakeholders to ensure industrial peace and harmony based on social justice
- Facilitate “out of the box solution” to long-standing CFA cases;
- Monitor and report progress on active CFA cases; and
- Facilitate gathering of relevant information on complaints submitted to the ILO and evaluate and recommend appropriate actions/s.