1. What is a Voluntary Code of Good Practices (VCGP)? Voluntary Code of Good Practices (VCGP) refers to a set of Guidelines or a set of voluntary minimum standards on the social and employment aspects of the industry. 2. What can be covered under a VCGP? A VCGP may deal with hiring and firing of continue reading : VCGP FAQs

Unfair Labor Practice

1. What is unfair labor practice (ULP)? ULPs are offenses committed by the employer or labor organization which violate the constitutional right of workers and employees to self-organization. ULP acts are inimical to the legitimate interests of both labor and management, disrupt industrial peace and hinder the promotion of healthy and stable labor-management relations. (Art. continue reading : Unfair Labor Practice

Termination of Employment

1. What is the right to security of tenure? The right to security of tenure means that a regular employee shall remain employed unless his or her services are terminated for just or authorized cause and after observance of procedural due process. 2. May an employer dismiss an employee? What are the grounds? Yes. An continue reading : Termination of Employment

Strikes and Lockout

1. What is alternative dispute resolution (ADR)? Alternative Dispute Resolution means any process or procedure used to resolve a labor dispute through conciliation, mediation, voluntary arbitration, or plant-level bipartite mechanisms, such as labor-management cooperation (LMC) and grievance machinery. 2. What is conciliation-mediation? Conciliation-mediation is a non-litigious, non-adversarial, less expensive and expeditious mechanism in assisting the continue reading : Strikes and Lockout

Single Entry Approach (SEnA)

1. What is the Single Entry Approach (SEnA)? Single Entry Approach is an administrative approach to provide a speedy, impartial, inexpensive and accessible settlement procedure for all issues/complaints arising from employer-employee relations to prevent them from ripening into full blown disputes. Under this approach, all labor and employment disputes shall undergo a 30-day mandatory conciliation-mediation continue reading : Single Entry Approach (SEnA)

Right to Self-Organization

1.What is Right to self-organization? It is the right of workers and employees to form, join or assist unions, organizations or associations for purposes of collective bargaining and negotiation and for mutual aid and protection. It also refers to the right to engage in peaceful concerted activities or to participate in policy and decision-making processes continue reading : Right to Self-Organization

Labor Management Relations

Article XIII Sec. 3 of the Philippine Constitution on Labor-Management Relations, at a Glance: a) Full protection to labor, local and overseas, organized and unorganized; b) Full employment and equality of employment opportunities for all; c) Right of all workers to: self-organization, collective bargaining and negotiations; engage in peaceful concerted activities, including the right to continue reading : Labor Management Relations

Issues and Concerns

1. How Much is the Substantial Capital or investment required to become legitimate Subcontractor Required Substantial Capital is clear… Minimum capitalization requirement of at least P3Million paid up capital for corporations, cooperative, partnership; same P3M net worth for sole proprietorship (Section 3[l]) Tools, equipment, machineries and work premises are separately considered from the paid up continue reading : Issues and Concerns


1. What is the Joint DOLE-PNP-PEZA Guidelines? The Joint DOLE-PNP-PEZA Guidelines or Joint Guidelines refers to the Joint DOLE-PNP-PEZA Guidelines in the Conduct of PNP Personnel, Economic Zone Police and Security Guards, Company Security Guards and Similar Personnel During Labor Disputes, which was jointly issued by the DOLE, PNP and PEZA on 23 May 2011 continue reading : DOLE-PNP-PEZA

DO 18-A, series of 2011

Background DO18-A, Series of 2011, is a product of 5 years attempt to amend DO18-02. Extensive tripartite consultations with the following labor groups: APL, AFW, AGLO, BMP, MAKABAYAN, FFW, TUCP, TUPAS, NAFLU, and LMLC, NCL, and AIHRWU, with the employers groups through the ECOP and PALSCON. Total of 6 tripartite consultations, in addition to separate continue reading : DO 18-A, series of 2011